How Cold Should A Server Room Be?
In the present world if we look around, data is considered the blood of countless businesses and server rooms work as a heart to keep it flowing. This clearly states that server rooms play a vital role in keeping businesses alive in today’s fast-growing world and in order to achieve the desired productivity level a malfunctioning of servers cannot be tolerated.
Most commonly when it comes about the server protection first few things that hit our mind are network threats, Spyware, and viruses. However, for a proper functioning of server a there are also considerable cooling requirements, which if not controlled and monitored properly as per required standards; can cause a significant damage to your business productivity.
Moreover, in the worst cases, this can even result in damaging or destroying your valued equipment and data. Now the question is what are cooling requirements for a server room? How cold should a server room should be? And what causes the increased temperature of server room? Well to answer all those questions we are highlighting most commonly practiced industry recommendations.
For businesses that rely on data, there is need of server that is constantly online. Now when the server is constantly online it is continuously producing heat, increasing the temperature of server room, as a result the overall system will overheat. Most high-end system these days have protection system against overheating that shutdown the system when the temperature is too high, but it is not case for all systems. Therefore, to ensure well-maintained temperature of you server room you are in need to take proper precautionary measures.
The simplest and yet often ignored practice is the proper arrangement of your servers to obtain optimum efficiency of air conditioning. In this practice, one must ensure that the cold air enters the front and is ejected through its back. In addition, doors of the server room must be kept closed and in case of the event when your primary air conditioning system stops working, there must be a backup system to keep the things cooled.
What are the industry standards?
According to the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), keeping the server room temperature between 77 ℉ to 81 ℉ is good for the trouble-free functioning of server room devices.
In addition, it is also needed to maintain relative humidity in server room between 41% to 50 %, otherwise there will be condensation if there is too much moisture.
Server rooms can operate safely between temperature ranging from 64.4 ℉ and 80.6 ℉ based on your needs and location. For IT administrators or service providers located in colder climates, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers states that “Class 1 and 2 equipment shouldn’t operate at temperatures lower than 18 degrees Celsius, which converts to the relatively mild 64 degrees Fahrenheit. The standard for Class 3 and 4 equipment is a bit looser at 5 degrees Celsius, 41 degrees Fahrenheit”.
In short, climate control is the foremost responsibility of server room staff in both cold and hot climates to maintain a steady temperature with a goal to avoid overheating of server room devices, condensation and presence of static charge due to low humidity levels.